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Cranes are used in different sectors, from manufacturing to construction to material-loading. Cranes are mechanical lifting equipment employed to lift or move materials, loads and heavy goods for various purposes. A crane is equipped with sheaves, wire ropes and winder that help to lift and lower the material which is beyond normal human capacity.
Common types of cranes include Mobile crane, Tower crane, Floating crane, etc. Crane safety is a major element of workplace safety and includes crane safety devices and crane safety tips.
What are the safety devices in crane?
Nowadays, safety devices are intrinsic part of cranes as it makes worksite safer for workers. A safety device called Load Lifting Limiter is used to restrict the lifting weight by cutting the lifting electrical loop and giving the alarming message. Anti-Two Block device is incorporated in cranes to prevent the crane from hoisting the wire rope beyond the tip sheaves of the boom and damaging the load. Another safety device used is High Boom Function Kick-outs. It halts the operator from lifting the boom past 90 degrees and prevents the boom from going backwards.
What are crane safety tips?
Crane safety tips are crucial for crane operation safety. Firstly, operator should go through a crane inspection list before operating crane. The list should cover the safety of hook, wedge sockets, sheaves and boom. Lift and load limits should be tested and daily inspection should be done, especially for tower crane safety. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) should be included in mobile crane safety plan to ensure workers’ safety. Hard hats, eye protection, hand protection can be a part of PPE. Crane Hand Signals and Crane Safety Signs can be effective for alerting people of the dangers. Furthermore, offering crane safety training is a great way to minimize the risks associated with operations.
What are the hazards in crane lifting?
Awareness of common crane related hazards is vital for crane safety. Electrical hazards include booms coming in contact with power lines. Other hazards include dropping or falling loads, boom collapse, rigging failures, over-turned cranes, outrigger use and crushing by the counterweight. Falling loads are one of the most common and dangerous hazards as they are lethal and cause significant damage to buildings, property, machineries and most importantly, people. Falling loads occur from operator incompetency, slipping, mechanical failure and two blocking; all of which are preventable with proper training and implementation of precautionary safety solutions to mitigate hazards and risks.
How dangerous are cranes?
Cranes have a huge capability to cause damage if not properly installed and used by competent people, as it not only injures the operator but anyone else in its path. Operators are often at the risk of catastrophic injuries caused by dropped loads or rigging failures. Any structural failure or collapse can cause crane lifting accidents and cost many lives or fatal injuries that can prevent victims getting back to work.
Why is crane safety important?
Crane and hoist safety are essential because crane accidents cause severe injuries and fatalities every year if not installed or used properly. If a crane fails during the lifting operation, it can not only damage the property, costing money in repair, but it can take lives in an instant. Crane lifting safety standards can save equipment, property and employees’ lives.
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