10 Common construction site hazards
Construction industry is one of the most dangerous in the world, with a high rate of fatalities and accidents. The ten most common construction site hazards, as well as preventative solutions, will be discussed in this article:
- Slips, Trips and Falls are among the most common construction hazards, responsible for thousands of worker injuries as a result of uneven terrain, incomplete buildings, and unused materials on site. The construction site management team must properly manage the safety in construction site so that people can move around it safely.
- Moving Objects and Equipment on construction sites are dangerous, especially on Uneven Surfaces, where objects may fall accidentally. Safety in construction sites must be monitored and maintained by identifying and designating dangerous zones, avoiding working near moving objects wherever possible, and wearing PPE at all times.
- Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome is a painful condition caused by extended use of high vibration producing hand held power tools and ground working equipment. Construction workers must maintain their equipment and utilize proper protection when using vibrating tools to prevent irreversible damage caused by HAVS.
- Working at Height is one of the most prominent construction hazards, contributing to a high proportion of fatal accidents in the construction industry. Before work commences, all such sites must be labelled as dangerous zones, and personnel must be equipped with suitable PPE as well as enough training.
- Noisy Environment is another construction hazard that can cause long-term hearing impairments, such as deafness, due to loud, repeated, and excessive sound of tools and equipment. Employers must conduct risk assessment and provide necessary PPE to the workers for their safety.
- Manual Lifting and Material Handling is a daily occurrence on a construction site. Employees must be given appropriate training and PPE to avoid major injuries. If the worker is expected to utilise lifting equipment, he or she must be properly trained and tested before being assigned any task.
- Asbestos emit fibres into the air when disturbed or damaged by construction activities. If employees inhale these fibres, they might induce fatal diseases such as Mesothelioma. All employees must be notified of the presence of asbestos on the construction site, and sufficient training, as well as PPE, must be provided in order to deal with asbestos safely.
- Electricity – The presence of exposed wires and live electrical components on construction sites might result in fatalities if workers come into contact with them. Employees must receive extensive electrical safety training to understand the necessity of working safely and how to respond quickly in an emergency.
- Collapsing Trenches are another prevalent construction hazard that can result in life-threatening conditions and instant death of multiple persons working within the trench. It is critical to take all precautions before and during work within the trench to keep it entirely secure, as well as frequent inspection and maintenance to avoid any unforeseen occurrences.
- Airborne Dust is present at construction sites due to the extensive construction activities which can lead to respiratory disorders such as asthma. Appropriate PPE according to the level of protection required must be provided to the workers. Safety in construction sites must be the HSE management’s top priority.